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Haifa and Carmel:

Atlit - Detention Camp
The national site, the Atlit “Illegal” Immigration Detention Camp, serves as an educational center for the study of the ha’apala (“illegal” immigration) to the Land of Israel and a memorial commemorating the heroism of the fighters and the immigrants who tried to enter Palestine in defiance of the British blockade.
At the initiative of the Council for Restoration and Preservation of Historic Sites in Israel, the disinfection center, some of the barracks, and open areas and fences of the camp have been renovated and reconstructed.  On the site there are displays that depict life in the camp, the life of the immigrants, and the ha’apala.
An audiovisual presentation is screened, there are interactive multimedia games, and a historical library is available for students’ reference.
The Council for Restoration and Preservation of Historic Sites in Israel holds a variety of activities at the site – guided tours, study days, conferences, and special events.
At the end of 2001, the project entitled Benetivey Ha’apala, the Illegal Immigration Information Center and Database, was inaugurated at Atlit. The database now contains, thanks to the support of the Conference on Jewish Material Claims against Germany, information on approximately 18,000 “illegal” immigrants, activists, and volunteers involved in the ha’apala.

Address: Atlit Tel. (04) 984-1980 

Bat Shlomo - The Historic Street
Bat Shlomo is one of the “daughters” of Zichron Ya’acov. Baron Edmond de Rothschild established it in 1889, and to this day, it has retained the format of the colonies of the First Aliyah (the wave of Jewish immigration to the Land of Israel from 1882 to 1904): one street, in this case with 14 houses, and a synagogue in the center. Most of the houses are still in their original form and descendants of the founders live in some of them. 

Binyamina - Founders’ House
There are five early settlement sites in Binyamina. Founders’ House displays the photographs of the founders of the colony, as well as original documents and belongings, donated by the people of Binyamina. The house also contains the archives of the colony.
The station of the supernumerary police depicts the period in which the force operated in Binyamina and its environs, in an exhibition of weapons, uniforms, photographs, and documents.
The Tiferet Binyamin Synagogue bears the name of Baron Binyamin (Edmond) de Rothschild, as does the colony. The building was dedicated on July 4, 1928, and has served since then as the colony’s main synagogue. In the 1940s, two weapons caches of the Haganah were hidden in the synagogue.
Founders’ Garden is a public park that includes a grove and a playground. The park is situated on the grounds of the school and the supernumerary police station and it is meant to commemorate the first settlers of the colony.
A reconstruction of a founder’s house and farmyard, Beit Bezalel Levi, on Hameyasdim Street, is the only building in the colony that has remained unchanged since it was first constructed.

Address: 55 Carmel Street, Binyamina Tel. (04) 628-9114

 Daliyyat el-Carmel-Usfiyya - Druze Heritage House
The Druze Heritage House used to be the home of the British Christian Zionist Laurence Oliphant. Naphtali Herz Imber, composer of Hatikvah, lived there for a while. Visitors can see an exhibit focusing on the life of the Druze community: tools, weapons, clothing, foods, and more. There are also lectures, a film about the history of the Druze and Mt. Carmel, and a tour in the village.

Address: Daliyat el-Carmel Tel. (04) 839-3242

Ein Shemer - The Old Courtyard
This exhibit is devoted to the early days of Kibbutz Ein Shemer and the beginnings of settlement in the area. Most of the historic buildings in the courtyard have been preserved in their original form. Some of them have been renovated and their interior design has been adapted to their new purpose.
The museum is located in the structure that served as the dining room of the kibbutz, and it contains an exhibit on the history of the kibbutz and its people.
In the archaeological museum on the site, there is an exhibit of the antiquities in the area and archaeological finds relating to the old Via Maris, or Sea Road.
The reconstructed stone house contains a memorial room, the archive of the kibbutz, and an exhibit of weapons. In the residential shacks from the beginning of settlement, living rooms have been reconstructed and equipped with items typical of the period.
Also on the site are a smithy; a machine shed containing an exhibit of agricultural tools and machines from various periods; a reconstructed bakery; a granary containing an exhibit of modern agriculture; and the stone wall that encloses the courtyard.
An audiovisual presentation depicts the history of settlement in the area. Visitors have the option of a tractor ride through the kibbutz and a ride in a reconstructed Turkish train.

Address: Kibbutz Ein Shemer Tel. (04) 637-4327 

Givat Haviva -
Yad Ya’ari, Hashomer Hatzair Museum

This museum has a permanent exhibition presenting the history of Hashomer Hatzair, a youth movement in Israel and abroad; the involvement of the youth movement in settlement and the Hagana; from youth movement to political party; the movement’s activity in World War II and in Cyprus; the literature that accompanied the movement and influenced its political path; the flags of the movement in Israel and abroad; and a memorial to those who fell in Israel’s wars and hostile acts.
Also at the site: a hall for lectures and the screening of videotapes on related subjects. The site offers study days and programs for schoolchildren and adults.

Address: Givat Haviva Tel. (04) 630-9243

Hadera - Beit Olga Hankin
This isolated house at the top of a sandstone ridge on the Hadera coast was built by Yehoshua Hankin, who purchased land of the Jezreel Valley on behalf of the JNF, at the beginning of 1932 for his wife Olga. The building has been renovated and it is now used for educational and environmental activities. On the ground floor there is a cafe with a sea view.
n Address: From the Coastal Road, take the Hadera Interchange west until the Kfar Hayam compound and from there walk to the southern cliff and climb up (no stairs).

Tel. (04) 621-4424 

Hadera - Heftziba Farm
Heftziba was a farm with orchards on the southern bank of the riverbed of Nahal Hadera. The farm was established in 1906 by the Neta’im Society, led by Yehoshua Hankin. Later, the site served also as an educational institution for youth, as a farm for the training of settlement groups, and as a training base for the Haganah.
The Israel Electric Corporation purchased the area and reconstructed some of the farm buildings, and today it is possible to tour, learn about the development of the area in modern times, and see the remains of the farm and the renovated and reconstructed pump house.

Address: Road No. 4, beside the neighborhood of Heftziba
Tel. (04) 624-1561

 Hadera - Khan Museum of the History of the City
In 11 of the rooms of this former caravansary (khan), the history of Hadera is depicted in two permanent exhibitions, with dramatic historical films. The museum also offers various activities to help visitors get to know the city’s history. The garden features architectural elements and work implements from Hadera’s early days, an olive press from 1896, and an amphitheater.

Address: 74 Hagiborim, Hadera Tel. (04) 632-2330, (04) 632-4562

 Haifa - City Museum
The Haifa City Museum is located in the German Colony, in a stone building constructed by the Templers, a German Christian movement whose members settled in the Land of Israel in the second half of the nineteenth century. The building has been restored and reconstructed. The museum presents a wide variety of temporary exhibitions on different themes.

Address: 11 Ben-Gurion St., Haifa
Tel. (04) 851-2030, (04) 852-3255

 Haifa - David Hacohen Clandestine
Immigration and Naval Museum

This museum features two complementary exhibits: one focusing on the clandestine immigration and the other focusing on the Israeli navy. The architectural structure incorporates an original immigrant ship. The exhibits depict the struggle of the people of Israel in the pre-State period for its right to settle in the Land of Israel and the development of the Israeli navy to this day.
The main exhibit is the Af Al Pi Chen, a boat that brought 434 immigrants to the Land of Israel in September 1947. The exhibit includes numerous original and reconstructed items, models of immigrant ships and warships, weapons, maps, documents, photographs, films, and audiovisual presentations. It features the Mivtach, the first missile boat of the Israeli navy.
In 1988, the museum opened a new wing, depicting the history of the struggle, the clandestine immigration, and the detention camps in Cyprus.
The museum belongs to the Museum Unit of the Ministry of Defense.

Address: 204 Allenby St., Haifa  Tel. (04) 853-7672 

Haifa - The Israel Edible Oil Industry Museum
This museum, founded in 1984, is located in a historic building. It views the edible oil industry in all its aspects and encourages the study of the subject. The three parts of the museum have three different themes:
1. Edible Oil in Ancient Times – Exhibit of rare eating implements and ritual articles, perfume bottles, lubrication vessels, and oil for illumination.
2. The Beginning of Industrialization and Mechanization – In the hall devoted to Nahum Wilbush, a pioneer of the edible oil industry in the Land of Israel, the establishment of the Hadid, Atid, and Shemen oil factories is depicted, as are Wilbush’s other technological achievements.
3. Modern Industry – An exhibit of edible oil products and byproducts, a library and archive of documents, slides, and photographs.
The museum has a lecture hall in which an audiovisual presentation is shown. The building’s balcony looks out on the Shemen Beach, which was used as an anchorage for clandestine immigration boats in the time of the British Mandate.
The museum’s courtyard features a display of reconstructed olive presses from biblical times, the Byzantine period, and the early 1900s. Visitors can try their hand at operating various equipment.

Address: 2 Tovim St., Shemen Beach, Haifa Tel. (04) 865-4333

 Haifa - Railway Museum
The Railway Museum, located in the Haifa East station, depicts milestones in the development of rail transport in the Land of Israel since its early days in 1892, including rail links with neighboring countries.
Among the items on display are the only remaining locomotive in Israel, a salon car that was used by the high commissioner and the guests of the government in British Mandate Palestine, a machine from the 1930s for the printing of tickets, timetables and tickets from various periods, models, an electric train set, and plans for the development of the railway. The museum is housed in a building of the station, which served at the beginning of the twentieth century as a terminal for the Haifa-Damascus line. The original decorations can be seen in the building.
Also located in the station are the offices of the main administration and the garage of the locomotives and railway cars of the Valley Train. The museum is situated inside an active station.

Address: Haifa East railway station  Tel. (04) 856-4293

Juara - Haganah Museum
Documents the training of officers in the Haganah. In a tour of the site, visitors experience the pre-State period and learn the story of the struggle for settlement and security in the Land of Israel. The museum deals with military doctrine, the volunteer spirit, and other concepts that were taught to the Haganah. The site belongs to the Museum Unit of the Ministry of Defense.

Tel. (04) 959-7402

Kiryat Ata - Fisher House
This museum exhibits an assortment of implements that teach us about the domestic and agricultural life of the founders of Kiryat Ata. The archive contains documents, videotapes. photographs, and recollections of the old-timers in the community. The educational center has didactic material related to the city’s history, including databases, games, and videotapes illustrating the history of the site since it was first settled some 5,000 years ago.

Address: 9 Hameyasdim, Kiryat Ata Tel. (04) 844-0207

Mishmar Ha’emek - The Palmach Cave
The Palmach Cave was used as a training site for the special units of the Palmach. The cave was renovated and became a site conveying the heritage of the Palmach through activities and simulations. A visit to the cave is based on activity and not only looking at exhibits. The educational activity includes navigation with Palmach methods, field cooking Palmach-style, the story of the cave and the special units, map-reading, decoding cables, an obstacle course, and other activities.
Various events are also held at the cave, including jeep tours and folksong evenings.

Address: Kibbutz Mishmar Ha’emek
Tel. (04) 989-8946, 052-447-1109

Nahsholim - Glassworks Museum
This museum is located in an impressive stone building, near the seashore, in the heart of Kibbutz Nahsholim. The building was constructed in 1891, when Baron Edmond de Rothschild decided to build a factory for wine bottles, with the intention of supplying glass bottles to the wineries of Zichron Ya’acov and Rishon Lezion. Due to the economic difficulties and malaria suffered by the settlers, the factory was closed. Today, the site serves as a museum of marine archaeology and the Tel Dor excavations.
One room in the exhibit is devoted to the historic glassworks, with photographs, the story of the site, and products of the glassworks. A sculpture workshop is in the southern part of the building.

Address: Kibbutz Nahsholim Tel. (04) 639-0950, (04) 639-5920

Ramat Hanadiv - Ganei Ramat Hanadiv
In 1913, agents of Baron Edmond de Rothschild purchased the site of Ramat Hanadiv, which at the time was called Umm el-Alek. Until then, a farm owned by a family from Lebanon operated on the site. Over the course of time, a few settlement groups took up residence on the farm, suffering terrible hardships and abandoning the site one after the other.
At a certain point in the history of the site, its name was changed to Tel Zur; its residents at the time worked, among other things, in the draining of the Cabara swamp, at the foot of Ramat Hanadiv.
In 1939, a settlement group from the Beitar movement settled there and the first efforts at building the tomb of Baron Edmond de Rothschild, who had asked to be buried at the site, began. In 1955, his remains and those of his wife Adelaide were interred there in a landscaped park, some 17 acres in size.
Ramat Hanadiv covers approximately 1,120 acres. Its status was defined in a special law enacted in the Knesset in 1958: a public park and a park dedicated to the memory of Edmond de Rothschild. The area is open to the public free of charge.
The site contains archaeological and historical remains. Next to the top of the cliff, a Byzantine farm known as Horvat Akev was exposed. In the area, ancient quarries used by local inhabitants in Byzantine times can be seen. Next to Ein Zur, remains from the Roman period were discovered, among them remains of a small bathhouse. On the slope above the spring are remains of Khirbet Umm el-Alek, which housed the Arab tenants of the farm and later the Jewish settlers.
Within the park there are marked and signposted footpaths.

Address: At the southern exit from Zichron Ya’acov in the direction of Binyamina
Tel. (04) 639-7726, (04) 639-9117

Sheffiya - Youth Village
The site of the Meir Sheffia Youth Village was founded in 1891 as a daughter colony to Zichron Ya’acov on lands that were purchased by Baron Edmond de Rothschild. In 1904, an educational institution for orphans of the pogroms in Kishinev was founded in the colony. When the Turkish authorities evacuated the Jews of Tel Aviv and Jaffa (1917), the Herzliya Gymnasium moved its activities to the institution.
After World War I, the Meir Sheffia Village was founded on the site. The name Meir is for Meir Anshel, the father of the Rothschild family, and the name Sheffia is reminiscent of the name of the Arab village that was on the site.
The grove in Meir Sheffia was used as a center for training of the Haganah.

Tel. (04) 639-0750

Shuni - The Fortress
The Shuni Fortress was built in the Ottoman period (eighteenth century) for the use of a farm and it utilizes the infrastructure of a Roman theater. Beside the theater is a pool, in which Mayumas festivities were held in ancient times. These festivities were known for their liberal atmosphere.
Three museums operate on the site: One is the IZL Museum, documenting the last chapter in the history of Shuni, which began in 1912-13. PICA, the organization that administered the colonies founded by Baron Edmond de Rothschild, purchased the site of Shuni. The Gideons, children of farmers from Zichron Ya’acov, who played a big part in the establishment of the NILI spy network, settled here in 1914. Members of Tel Zur, from the Beitar movement, came to the site in 1940. In this isolated spot, units of the IZL held courses and weapons training, and Shuni also served as an operational base for many missions, among them the jailbreak in Acre.
Also on the site are an archaeological museum exhibiting finds from the area and the Ahiam Museum of Sculpture, which exhibits the works of Ahiam Shoshani.
Shuni is located inside Jabotinsky Park, in which a special place was dedicated to the memory of those who took part in the jailbreak in Acre, and their original tombstones were placed there, after the Ministry of Defense replaced them with military tombstones.

Address: Between Binyamina and Zichron Ya’acov, about 1 kilometer north of Binyamina  Tel. (04) 638-9730

Yagur - Route of Yagur and the Weapons Cache
On the eightieth anniversary of the founding of Kibbutz Yagur, sites in Yagur from the early days of the kibbutz (1922) were renovated and signposted. Among the sites and events that were dealt with are the tracks of the Turkish Haifa-Damascus railway line, the draining of the swamps of the valley, the murder of three members of Yagur on the outskirts of the kibbutz (1931), and the release of the “illegal” immigrants of Atlit. In the framework of the Yagur Route project, it is possible to visit the main weapons cache of the Haganah in the northern part of the country, and the exhibition of weapons from the time of Israel’s War of Independence. The underground cache in Yagur was built some 70 years ago and weapons and ammunition from Europe were
hidden there.

Address: Kibbutz Yagur Tel. (04) 984-8856 (Gabi Kardosh)


Zichron Ya’acov - Beit Aaronsohn
This museum is situated in two houses that have been preserved in their original form, including furniture and various household belongings. The first house, where the parents lived, was built in 1884, and the home of Aaron Aaronsohn, built in 1896, features Aaronsohn’s workroom and library, a living room, the bathroom in which Aaronsohn’s sister Sarah took her life so as not to reveal any secrets of the NILI spy network (for the British) to the Turks. The first weapons cache in the Land of Israel is also on the site; it served as a hiding place for the weapons of NILI.
The museum was founded in 1956 to perpetuate the memory of the Aaronsohn family and NILI. It contains photographs, documents, maps, and belongings of Aaron Aaronsohn; samples of the wild wheat he discovered in Rosh Pina and items from the experimental agricultural station in Atlit, which was the command headquarters of NILI. Other items include: commemorative stamps of members of NILI, Sarah Aaronsohn’s last letter, and the case that held the pistol with which she ended her life.

Address: 40 Hameyasdim, Zichron Ya’acov Tel. (04) 639-0120

Zichron Ya’acov - Carmel Mizrachi Winery
The winery is located in the ancient building in which it was first established. A visit to the site includes a view of the vineyards in the area. In the winery, visitors follow the stages of production of wine today, compared to the past.The courtyard contains wine-making equipment from the end of the nineteenth century. There is a reconstructed ancient wine-press, which visitors can operate in the vintage months (August-October). Beside it a computerized system has been installed, the first of its kind in Israel, to control the entire process of classifying the wine and its production, and demonstrates to visitors the streamlining and improvement of wine production. Among the exhibits are five iron barrels adorned with paintings illustrating the process of wine production.
A visit to the winery also includes a tour of the ancient stone wine cellars, featuring oak barrels from the time of Baron Edmond de Rothschild, beside concrete pools and rustproof steel containers, which are used for the storage of wine all year round.
After the tour, an audiovisual production is presented, and then visitors are invited to taste an assortment of wines and hear an explanation
(children receive grape juice.)

Address: At the southern exit of Zichron Ya’acov in the direction of Binyamina Tel. (04) 629-1787

Zichron Ya’acov - Museum of the First Aliyah
This museum is dedicated to the Jewish immigrants who came to the Land of Israel from 1882 to 1904. This wave of immigration is known as the First Aliyah.
In the course of touring the museum, visitors take part in the brave journey of the people of the First Aliyah, who laid the groundwork for the Zionist enterprise of settling in the Land of Israel. Zechariah, the vendor of sunflower seeds, Izer the shoemaker, and other figures from the period come to life in the sculptures of Ora Rozenzweig, which are part of the museum’s exhibit.The museum also  presents temporary exhibitions.

Address: 2 Hanadiv St., Zichron Ya’acov Tel. (04) 629-4777



Click on name for details
Atlit Detention Camp
Bat Shlomo
Binyamina – Founders’ House
Daliyyat al-Carmel-Usfiyya

Ein Shemer – Old Courtyard
Givat Haviva – Hashomer Hatzair  Hadera – Beit Olga Hankin

Hedera - Heftzibah Farm
Hedera - Khan Museum

Haifa – City Museum
Haifa – Naval Musem
Haifa – Oil Industry Museum

Haifa – Railway Museum
Juara – Haganah Museum
Kiryat Ata – Fisher House Mishmar Ha’emek – Palmah Cave Nahsholim – Glassworks
Ramat Hanadiv – Ganei
Sheffiya – Youth Village
Shuni Fortress
Yagur – Weapons Cache
Zichron Ya’acov – Aaronsohn

Zichron Ya’acov – Winery
Zichron Ya’acov –  First Aliyah






























































© ERETZ Magazine 2016